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Inter-Microservice Communication with OpenFeign using AWS AppMesh

Learn how to use AWS AppMesh to facilitate inter-microservice communication with OpenFeign without using Spring Eureka. Instead, Service Dis...

Learn how to use AWS AppMesh to facilitate inter-microservice communication with OpenFeign without using Spring Eureka. Instead, Service Discovery native to AWS will be used.

1. Introduction

Microservice architecture is becoming more and more popular nowadays. Thanks to the ever-changing requirements of software development. It allows cross-functional teams to develop, test, and deploy different services, which leads to faster release to the customer.

2. Microservice Pattern

One pattern in which a microservice architecture can be applied to a project is business capability. For instance, an e-commerce store can have a catalog service, price service, delivery service, etc. When presenting the catalog or product data to the client, it's usually accompanied by a price. Thus, catalog service must pull the cost from the price service. Or, if you have a backend for front-end service, you call and aggregate the result of catalog and price service data.

3. Spring Cloud

It would help to use a framework that offers a toolkit when developing a microservice architecture. Some of the most commonly known are Go, Quarkus, Micronaut, but my personal favorite is Spring Cloud.

Spring Cloud offers:

  • Ribbon - load balancing
  • Eureka - naming server
  • Resilience4j - fault-tolerance
  • API Gateway
  • OpenFeign - API client
  • Distributed-Tracing - Sleuth/Zipkin

https://www.czetsuyatech.com/2019/06/spring-microservice-architecture.html

4. Service Discovery

Service Discovery is a way for a set of microservices to locate and communicate with each other on a network. It needs a central service where all microservices need to register. The microservices register with their name and network information such as IP. In the Spring Cloud ecosystem, it is the Eureka library that should run on its own service.

This presents a problem since Eureka server is am an essential part of the application. You need to have at least 2 instances to ensure that it's always available. Otherwise, your application will be broken. And extra service means additional maintenance and cost.

5. AWS App Mesh

Introducing the AWS AppMesh, built differently but solves the same problem of microservice networking. It gives end-to-end visibility and high availability for your application.

This service is free. You need to pay the underlying compute engine, either EC2 or Fargate.

https://aws.amazon.com/app-mesh

6. OpenFeign

OpenFeign is a library that allows us to create HTTP clients with an annotated interface. No implementation code is required.

An example OpenFeign client:

@FeignClient(name = "applicant-services", url = "${app.ct.client.applicant.url}")
public interface ApplicantProxy {

  @GetMapping("/applicants/profiles")
  List<String> getApplicantsByJob();

  @GetMapping("/applicants/top")
  List<String> getTopApplicantsByJob();
}

If the services are registered in Eureka, we won't need the URL parameter. It should point to the Service discovery endpoint of the service [see 8.4].

7. Missing Service Discovery without Eureka?

Fortunately, AWS has a native alternative, Amazon ECS Service Discovery. It uses AWS Cloud Map API actions to manage HTTP and DNS namespaces for your Amazon ECS services.

This service is not free. Pricing computation https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonECS/latest/developerguide/service-discovery.html.

8. AWS Setup

Since you're here I will assume that you are already familiar with the AWS services.

8.1 ECR

Create 2 new repositories:

  • applicant-services
  • job-services

8.2 Cloud Map

Add a new namespace: czetsuyatech.lab

8.3 App Mesh

Add two virtual nodes:
  • dev-vn-application-services
  • dev-vn-job-services

Add two virtual services:
  • dev-vs-application-services
  • dev-vs-job-services

Add a new App Mesh Lab

8.4 ECS

Create two task definitions using Fargate. Add the following containers:
  • applicant/job services
  • aws-xray-daemon
  • envoy (we need to define the following container variables)
    • ENVOY_LOG_LEVEL=trace
    • ENABLE_ENVOY_XRAY_TRACING=1
    • XRAY_DAEMON_PORT=2000


Set these environment variables.

Don't forget to enable AppMesh.

Discovery Endpoints:
  • applicant-services - http://applicant-services.czetsuyatech.lab:8081
  • job-services - not needed

9. Service URLs

Applicant Services

  • http://localhost:8081/applicants/profiles
  • http://localhost:8081/applicants/top

Job Services

  • http://localhost:8080/jobs/profiles
  • http://localhost:8080/jobs/top

10. Source Code

  • https://github.com/czetsuya/lab-microservice-spring-aws

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